Denver, CO (DEN)
A Lower Downtown landmark, Union Station was recently renovated to serve as a regional transit hub and the center of a new mixed-use neighborhood.
1701 Wynkoop Street
Denver Union Station
Denver, CO 80202
Annual Station Ridership (2016): 139,652
- Facility Ownership: Regional Transportation District (RTD)
- Parking Lot Ownership: N/A
- Platform Ownership: Regional Transportation District (RTD)
- Track Ownership: Regional Transportation District (RTD)
For information about Amtrak fares and schedules, please call 1-800-USA-RAIL (1-800-872-7245).
Amtrak returned to historic Denver Union Station in time for the evening arrival of the eastbound California Zephyr on Friday, February 28, 2014. Three years earlier, Amtrak moved to a nearby temporary facility to accommodate the renovation of Union Station, excavation of an underground bus concourse and construction of a new Train Hall containing tracks and platforms to be used by Amtrak and the future commuter rail system. The Train Hall, just west of the historic building, features a soaring white fabric roof with curving forms; lighted from within at night, it becomes a glowing Lower Downtown landmark.
The Regional Transportation District (RTD), a regional authority operating public transit services in eight counties in the Denver metropolitan area, purchased the Union Station site in August 2001.The Denver Union Station Project Authority is responsible for the financing, acquiring, owning, designing, constructing, renovating, operating and maintaining the Denver Union Station redevelopment project. The Authority is a partnership of RTD, the City and County of Denver, the Colorado Department of Transportation, the Denver Regional Council of Governments and the Denver Union Station Metropolitan District. Together, these entities developed a master plan for the station and its surrounding 19.5 acres that envisions the station as a hub for a new mixed-used neighborhood including retail, office, residential and cultural uses.
Work on transit elements at Union Station is funded under the region’s FasTracks program, a voter-approved, $4.7 billion transit expansion initiative passed in 2004. Scheduled for completion in 2017, FasTracks will create 122 miles of new light rail and commuter rail; 18 miles of bus rapid transit; 57 new stations; 21,000 parking spaces at rail and bus stations; and enhanced intermodal connections.
The Union Station Neighborhood Co., a partnership between developers Continuum Partners and East West Partners, was selected to be the master developer in charge of overseeing the $519 million construction and renovation effort at historic Union Station. When FasTracks is completed, the station will be a hub for light rail, commuter rail, intercity buses, an extension of the 16th Street Mall Shuttle and regional, express and local buses. There will also be facilities for cyclists, as well as pedestrian-oriented improvements such as landscaped public plazas that will better integrate these transit services with adjacent neighborhoods. The Union Station light rail station opened in August 2011; the 22 bay underground bus complex opened in May 2014; and rail service to Denver International Airport launched in 2016.
As part of the redevelopment, Union Station includes a dozen new shops and restaurants to serve travelers and residents. The Crawford Hotel, which opened in July 2014, includes 112 rooms installed in the upper levels of the north and south wings; the station’s “Great Hall” serves as the hotel lobby. The RTD is pursuing a Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) Silver Star certification for the Union Station rehabilitation project by incorporating sustainable features into the new construction.
Funding for renovation and new construction at Union Station has been assembled from federal, state and local sources, including the Federal Highway Administration, the Federal Transit Administration, the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act and Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing.
In October 2015, Denver Union Station was selected as a winner of the 2015 Urban Land Institute Global Awards for Excellence. The awards program “recognizes real estate projects that achieve a high standard of excellence in design, construction, economics, planning and management.” Denver Union Station was one of 10 projects recognized on three continents.
The first Union Station was built in 1881 at a cost of $525,000 to serve the Denver and Rio Grande; Denver, South Park and Pacific; Colorado Central; and Union Pacific railroads, which had previously maintained separate facilities. In 1894, the building, constructed of pink-grey rhyolite with pink sandstone trim, was seriously damaged by fire. Although the wings were renovated, the central portion of the station was rebuilt in a more fashionable Romanesque style with a tall clock tower. Van Brunt and Howe, a well-regarded Kansas City architecture firm, completed the work. Due to an increase in passenger rail traffic, the station was expanded twenty years later by once again replacing the center block.
The new section, completed in 1914, was designed in a grand Beaux-Arts style by the Denver firm of Gove and Walsh. The architects clad the structure’s steel frame with rusticated and richly carved Colorado granite. A metal and glass marquee at the first floor protects passengers from inclement weather.
On the street and track facades, central recesses hold trios of two-story round arch windows flanked by end pavilions. The arches are embellished with scalloped designs and keystones in the form of scrolls with shields. The pavilions have central niches with decorative plaques bearing the dates “1881” and “1914” to mark the construction of the station’s two major sections.
Above the prominent cornice there are clocks on the two main facades for travelers who need to keep the train schedule in mind. Orange neon signs were later added over the clocks, proclaiming “Union Station—Travel by Train”; with time, they have become neighborhood landmarks in their own right. Inside, the large windows flood the old waiting room, now the hotel lobby, with natural light. Looking closely, one sees that the windows’ plaster arches bear approximately 2,300 carved columbine flowers—Colorado’s official state flower.
Denver was established by prospectors on November 22, 1858, after a gold discovery. The founders of the town named it for James W. Denver, Governor of the Kansas Territory, of which Colorado was then a part. The Colorado Territory was established in 1861 and the city was incorporated on November 7, 1861. In 1865, Denver became the capital of the Colorado Territory, and in 1881 it was designated the permanent state capital.
Denver is nicknamed “The Mile-High City” because its official elevation is one mile above sea level. The city is particularly famous for the more than 200 parks within the municipal limits. It also owns and maintains 40,000 acres of mountain parks including the famous Red Rocks Park and the Winter Park Resort ski area.
- Accessible Platform
- Accessible Restrooms
- Accessible Ticket Office
- Accessible Waiting Room
- Accessible Water Fountain
- Baggage Storage
- Bike Boxes
- Checked Baggage
- Dedicated Parking
- Elevator Accessible
- Enclosed Waiting Area
- Help With Luggage
- Shipping Boxes
- Ski Bags
- Ticket Office